左予備スペース
SEAnews SEA Research, BLK 758 Yishun Street 72 #09-444 Singapore 760758
India Front Line Report
右予備スペース
Site Search
Delivered from Singapore
SEAnews Issue:monthly
tel:65-87221054
最新ニュース vol.190106
▼open  フラッシュニュース Flash News  close▲
2019-01-06 ◆Review:The baptism of the Holy Spirit (Hanukkah)
 While Jesus was 10 years old at the time of the revolt by Judas and his sons, James and Simon, Mary, mother of Jesus, used three of these very names - James, Simon and Judas - for her own sons and one of them was a member of Zealots
 If Jesus grew up with his brothers at Galilee, a bastion of Zealot, the teaching of Q source, which denies Creator God of the Old Testament and could lead people to ultimate salvation through awareness of the original Self, would not have been born.
          --------------

○Parable of a wise fisherman
And he said, "Humankind is like a wise fisherman who cast his net into the sea and drew it up from the sea full of little fish. Among them the wise fisherman discovered a fine large fish. He threw all the little fish back into the sea and with no difficulty chose the large fish. Whoever has ears to hear should hear." (Thomas 8)
 'A fine large fish' indicates 'original Self = Supreme God (propator).' If you try to catch only big fish, you can not catch them easily. But if you round up both big and small fish with a big net and then let all the small ones escape to the sea, big ones will remain at last. If you do so, the small fish escaped will also grow and come back again. Through this way, you can always secure big fish. Though 'difficulty' must be experienced in the process of finding 'original Self,' you can find it comfortably, if you are smart like the fisherman.
 'Whoever has ears to hear should hear' is Jesus' idiomatic phrase which presupposes some people can understand but others cannot understand the meaning behind the words that Jesus talks about.
 Although Jesus' words in Q source are cited in various scenes and interpreted differently by the authors of the Synoptic Gospels, Jesus would have been fully aware of such things. The meaning behind Jesus' words are that various people with different abilities have to find their own answer in each different environment of them. Therefore, it is natural that there are various interpretations. In that case, the knowledge of this world may interfere with understanding.
 The parallel article of this verse exists only in the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament. It is as follows.
 Once again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was let down into the lake and caught all kinds of fish. When it was full, the fishermen pulled it up on the shore. Then they sat down and collected the good fish in baskets, but threw the bad away. (Matt 13:47-48)
 The subject of this verse in the Gospel of Thomas is 'Humankind,' but it is 'the kingdom of heaven' in the Gospel of Matthew. Mr. Sasagu Arai, author of the Japanese version of The Gospel of Thomas, annotates that the contents of this story does not match for explanation of 'the kingdom of heaven' and he says, "Its main theme seems originally to have been humanism (人間論)."
○The role of teachers of the law
 The Gospel of Matthew relates this parable to eschatology supplementing the following description and even explains the role of teachers of the law.
 This is how it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come and separate the wicked from the righteous and throw them into the fiery furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth. Have you understood all these things? Jesus asked. Yes, they replied. He said to them, Therefore every teacher of the law who has been instructed about the kingdom of heaven is like the owner of a house who brings out of his storeroom new treasures as well as old. (Matt 13:49-52)
 'New treasures as well as old' refer to 'the New Testament' and 'the Old Testament.' It implies that James the Less, the brother of Jesus, who led Jerusalem Church, brings out of the storeroom both of them as the owner of the house.

 Time passed to the later period of the Tang Dynasty and the five dynasties and ten kingdoms period (907-960) in China, a monk asked YunMen (864-949), who had lived at Yunmen monastery on Mount Yunmen in Shao district of Guangdong Province and had established one of major sects of the Zen Buddhism called Yunmen School, "What are the teachings of Buddha's whole lifetime? "
 Buddha is said to have preached often using expedients depending on the occasion of each preach and the capacity of each people and comforted people all over India for about forty years after he had attained enlightenment under the Bodhi tree. If one tries to explain whole of his teaching, he has to make clear a huge volume of Tripitaka (Three Canons of Buddha's teaching) that consists of Sutta (Teaching) - pitaka, Abhidhamma (Treatises) - pitaka and Vinaya (Monastic rules) - pitaka. However, YunMen did not explain the whole great treasure house of Buddha's teachings through three pitakas, but just answered, "An appropriate statement (対一説Go straight)."
 This koan (公案: subject which Zen-masters give each religious to learn and practice the doctrine of Buddhism) has been regarded as one of the most difficult ones in the final stage of Zen practice, and it seems that various interpretations have been done since ancient times. YuanWu KeQin chanshi (圜悟克勤禅師1063-1135) who compiled 'The Blue Cliff Record (碧巌録)' comments, "Many people misunderstand the meaning of '対一説.' Some say that it must be a measure suited to the occasion. Others say that all creation is the manifest of each law and this is called '対一説.' Actually, they do not understand. Thus, Great Master YongJia (永嘉大師665-713) deplores in his Book 'ZhengDao-Ge (証道歌Song of Enlightenment),' saying 'To exert oneself to the utmost is not enough to pay off but 'an appropriate statement (対一説)' exceeds 10 billion phrases.'" From this comment by YuanWu, it is known that each koan has had various interpretations through the process of conversations or actions between Zen Master and his student in the master's room since creation of Zen Buddhism just as Jesus' words in Q source.

○Genealogy of Hassidim
http://www.seanewsonline.com/seanews/misc/160618j.htm
 By the way, the name Jesus is nothing other than the Greek translation of Joshua, who led the Israelites against Canaan, and means 'Jah is redemption.' And Mary, mother of Jesus, named her three sons Judas, James and Simon, These names came from the Maccabean family that had successfully thrown out the Greeks, purified and re-dedicated the Temple in the 2nd century BC. Furthermore one of Jesus' brothers was a member of Zealot.
 If Jesus grew up with his brothers at Galilee, a bastion of Zealot, the teaching of Q source, which could lead people to ultimate salvation through awareness of the original Self, would not have been born.
 Antiochus III of the Seleucid Empire, who had recaptured Palestine from the Ptolemy dynasty in Egypt, admitted the Jews limited autonomy and freedom of religion. But his son and successor Antiochus IV Epiphanes compelled the Jews to erect an altar to Zeus Olympios in the Temple and to made sacrifices of pigs. A group called Hassidim (piety/ pietist) led by Mattathias, a priest from Modi'in located northwest of Jerusalem, and five his sons, revolted against the rule of the Seleucid King of Syria and the rebel army led by Judas, one of his sons, finally entered Jerusalem in triumph on December 165 BC and ritually cleansed the Temple, reestablishing traditional Jewish worship there and installing. The Jewish festival of Hanukkah celebrates the re-dedication of the Temple following Judah Maccabee's victory over the Seleucids. However so called The Maccabean Revolt continued thereafter, after Judas' death in the battle, the younger brother Simon succeeded and finally established the Hasmonean dynasty.

○Judas of Galilee and Zealots
 Herod, a non-Jew from Edom, who had been appointed the governor of Galilee by his father, a general of the Hasmonean dynasty, wrested the Imperial Throne riding on Roman intervention in the court struggle of Hasmonean. When Herod the Great was still governor of Galilee, a man called Hezekiah led a revolt. Although this rebellion was put down by Herod, Hezekiah was praised as the righteous by Sanhedrin and Herod was stymied.
 Herod the Great ruled Israel until 4 BC; at his death his kingdom was divided among his three sons. In Galilee, a man named Judas, son of Hezekiah, proclaimed himself as a descendant of the Hasmoneans and sparked the uprising at Sepphoris but was suppressed by Syrian Governor Publius Quinctilius Varus and Judas fled.
 When Judea became a direct jurisdiction of Rome after Herod Archelaos' misgovernment and downfall in the year 6 AD, Judas of Galilee once again uprose breaking into the royal armory at Sepphoris and seizing the arms in 7 AD. But he eventually was crushed and crucified with 2000 fellows.
According to Flavius Josephus, author of "The Jewish War," at that time, a fiery figure known as Judas the Galilean urged his fellow countrymen to refuse to pay the Roman taxes and founded a secret society that took the name "Zealots." Judas is also said to have been a law scholar of Pharisees, Josephus identified Zealots, an offshoot of Hassidim, as the Fourth Philosophy of Judaism that was different from the Sadducees, the Pharisees, and the Essenes. A group which is said to have had close relationship with John the Baptist and was based at Qumran, near the shore of the Dead Sea, also seems to have been a religious and political association descended from Hassidim.

○James the Less was a born Nazirite
 While Jesus was 10 years old at the time of the revolt by Judas and his sons, James and Simon, Mary, mother of Jesus, used three of these very names - James, Simon and Judas - for her own sons and one of them was a member of Zealots
 James the Just is described as a born Nazirite in Church History written by the early church fathers, Eusebios (260-340) and Hegesippus (90-180). According to Epiphanius, a 4th-century Christian writer, James as the legitimate lineage of the High Priest representing both the Davidic royal family as well as a priestly Aaronic Lineage exercised the priesthood on behalf of his community, entering into the holy areas of the Temple where only priests could go and functioned as "high priest" to his followers.
 This community is generally understood as Nazarenes who believed in Jesus. However, it doesn't make sense. Because Jesus little preached in Nazareth, saying "No prophet is accepted in his own hometown." (Matt 13:57/ Mark 6:4/ Luke 4:24/ John 4:44) Swedish linguist Mr. Alvar Ellegård (1919-2008) said that the "Nazarean" should read "Nazorean" instead. According to "The Original Jesus - Buddhist Sources Of Christianity by Elmer R. Gruber & Holger Kersten," 'Nazorean' may come from ancient Babylonian word 'nasaru' or 'nasiru' which means 'keeper of divine secret' and John the Baptist was also called 'Nazorean.'

 As mentioned above, if Jesus grew up with his brothers at Galilee, a bastion of Zealot, the teaching of Q source, which denies Creator God of the Old Testament and could lead people to ultimate salvation through awareness of the original Self, would not have been born. From this perspective, the description of the Gospel of Matthew, which says that Joseph and Mary brought a baby Jesus to Egypt, is suggestive.
 Joseph travelled from Nazareth in Galilee south toward Bethlehem Ephrata with his betrothed Mary in her ninth month for a census of the entire Roman world which had been ordered by Caesar Augustus. Every person had to return to the city from which his family came for the census. Joseph had to go the Bethlehem Ephrata because he was of David's family. (Luke 2:1-5)
 By the way there is no record that the census was done in the 4th year BC or the first year AD when Jesus is believed to have been born. Census under the reign of Augustus seems to have been done three times in 28 BC, 8 BC, and 14 AD according to the funerary inscription of the first Roman emperor, Augustus. If the description of the Gospel of Luke is based on historical facts, the most likely one is the census of 8 BC, in which case the year of Jesus' birth will be a little earlier. Because of the vast Roman Empire, the second survey that began in 8 BC may have been delayed until 4 BC in the Palestinian territory. It may be mentioned that these Census were only concerned with Roman Citizens and the results were as follows; 28 BC: 4,063,000/ 8 BC: 4,333,000/ 14 AD: 4,937,000

 Thus Jesus was born in Bethlehem Ephrata. (Luke 2:6) However, Joseph who had finished registering the census, for some reason did not return to Galilee, but travelled with Mary and the newborn, Jesus, to Egypt. (Mat 2:14) The Gospel of Matthew refers to the following legend; King Herod, the ruler of Judea, who had heard of a prophecy that the Messiah was to be born, ordered to slaughter all male sons, under the age of two. (Mat 2:16) However, there is no record regarding Herod the Great's Massacre of the Innocents other than the Gospel of Matthew.
 At that time, the population of Bethlehem was about 300 to 1000 at most. Even if there was a genocide of children, that number is seen as about 20 to 30 people. The tyrants at that time frequently carried out slaughters beyond this. Josephus and other historians may have seen it too insignificant to record. However, the number of infants massacred is said to be 14,000 in the lore of Orthodox Church and 64,000 in the hagiography of Syrian Church. (Japanese version wiki)
 The Gospel of Matthew added that this is the fulfillment of the prophecy of Jeremiah Chapter 31 verse 15 in the Old Testament. Apparently the incident of Herod the Great's Massacre of the Innocents seems to have been an episode created by Matthew who had tried to depict the life of Jesus as realization of the prophecies of the Old Testament.
 Joseph returned to Nazareth and finally married Mary after staying in Egypt for a few years. However, Joseph might have left Jesus in Egypt. If so, the questions, such as where Jesus had been and what he had been doing before he suddenly appeared alone on the banks of the Jordan River and was baptized by John the Baptist (Mark 1:9/ Mat 3:13/ Luke 3:21), can be solved and it is no wonder that on the day of the Crucifixion, a man called Simon, who had taken his sons, Alexander and Rufus, and come to Jerusalem from all the way from Cyrene in North Africa, carried the cross to Golgotha on behalf of Jesus. (Mark 15:21/Mat 27:32/Luke 23:26)

○Simon from Cyrene
 As Roman soldiers led Jesus to the place called Golgotha to crucify him, they forced a man called Simon from Cyrene passing by to carry the cross. It is a story that appears in all three Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke. Especially the Gospel of Mark notes that Simon was the father of Alexander and Rufus. This note implies that Alexander and Rufus were prominent leaders of Christ church at the time.
 Although the three gospels describe Simon as a country man, Cyrene was a big city facing the Mediterranean Sea, comparable to Alexandria in those days. It is also difficult to believe that Roman soldiers forced a stranger just passing by to carry the cross instead of Jesus being executed for treason. Therefore Simon might have been appointed to carry the cross from the beginning. Otherwise, the writers of the Gospels had no way to get the informations such as his name and his place of origin.
 On the other hand, Paul wrote, "Greet Rufus, whom the Lord picked out to be his very own; and also his dear mother, who has been a mother to me. (Roma 16:13)" at the end of 'Epistle to the Romans.'
 Rufus seems to have become a disciple of Jesus in latter's lifetime because Paul describes him as a disciple whom the Lord picked out to be his very own. And if Rufus mentioned by Paul in his letter is same person of the son of Simon, Jesus might appointed by himself Simon to be a man to carry his cross and follow him.
 Furthermore, it seems quite be unusual that Paul describes Rufus' mother "She has been a mother to me." It is impossible that Paul was a uterine brother of Rufus. Then it might mean that she was a spiritual mother who converted Paul to Christianity.

○Cleansing of the Temple
 Time passed more than 30 years since Joseph and Mary had brought a baby Jesus to Egypt, the representatives of priests and Levites sent by Sanhedrin to listen to the testimony of John the Baptist assembled in Bethany, a suburb of Jerusalem in the eleventh month of Jewish calendar around the year 28 AD. (John 1:19) John told them, "I baptize with water, but right here in the crowd is someone you do not recognize. He is the one who comes after me, the thongs of whose sandals I am not worthy to untie." (John 1:26-27) From this description Jesus seems to have been included in the delegation of the priests and the Levites dispatched by Sanhedrin. Jesus, who had made a debut to the religious society of Jerusalem with testimony of John the Baptist, a month later, at the Passover Feast, went to the temple with his disciples and drove away merchants from the temple. (John 2:13-25) Afterwards, he stayed in the Judean countryside with his disciples, and started the activity of baptizing with the Holy Spirit. (John 3:22)
 From the above description of the Gospel of John, we can see that the act of Jesus, that is, 'driving away merchants from the temple,' was clearly planned with the ancestor of Hanukkah, which their ancestors had recaptured the temple of Jerusalem from the Greeks and purified it and re-dedicated in the Maccabean Revolt, in mind and reflected the thought and beliefs of the group of former disciples of John the Baptist such as Peter, Andrew, James the Greater and his brother John and the leader of Nazirites James the Less and his younger brothers. But, it is far from the teaching of Jesus in Q Sayings Gospel, which denies Creator God of the Old Testament and could lead people to ultimate salvation through awareness of the original Self.
 However, Jesus seems to have had decided to act as a symbol of the movement of restoration of Israel when he made a debut to the religious society of Jerusalem with testimony of John the Baptist in Bethany. And the description of the Gospel of John implies that this plan was approved by Sanghrin chaired by the High Priest.
○The superfluous
 By the way, if Jesus was 10 years old at the time of the revolt by Judas and his sons, James and Simon, and Mary, mother of Jesus, used three of these very names - James, Simon and Judas - for her own sons, there should have had an age difference of at least 10 years between Jesus and his younger brother James the Less. And the list of the twelve apostles contains the name of the son of James the Less. If this son, Judas, was 20 years old at the time of the Crucifixion, James the Less seems to have been over forty years old. Then, Jesus, who is older at least 10 years than James, should have been over 50 years old.
 And, if Joseph, the father of Jesus, registered himself and the baby Jesus at Bethlehem Ephrata for census, which only obliged Roman citizens, as written in the Gospel of Luke, Jesus also should have held Roman citizenship. <To be continued>

○What is "Baptism with The Holy Spirit"?
According to the dialectic of the Gospel of John,
【Thesis】"A man can possess eternal life through accepting testimony of the Son of man and being baptized by him." (John 5:24)
【Anti-thesis】But "The one who comes from the earth cannot accept the testimony by one from heaven." (John 3:32)
How then can a man possess eternal life?
【Synthesis】"If you want to be baptized with the Holy Spirit, you can just go back to the word which was with God in the beginning (John 1:1) and certify that God is truthful. (John 3:33)"
When he said, "You are Huichao," Zen Master Fayan thrusted vivid Self in Huichao in front of his eyes.
○One world:AD-SEAnews
MISC Trilingual(EN)/ 雑感 三言語並記(JA)/ 杂感 三言对照(ZH)
[Your Comments / Unsubscribe]/[您的意见/退订]/[ご意見/配信停止]
Please do not directly reply to the e-mail address which is used for delivering the newsletter.
请别用递送新闻的邮件地址而直接回信。
メールをお届けした送信専用アドレスには返信しないで下さい。
SEAnews 掲載記事の無断転載を禁じます。すべての内容は日本の著作権法並びに国際条約により保護されています。
Copyright 2003 SEAnews® All rights reserved. No reproduction or republication without written permission.