Jesus' plan to be crucified (1)
Belief in redemption and resurrection
In the Gospel of John, Jesus often appears in the temple courts, and daringly debates on sensitive issues regarding Judaism with the Pharisees and the Sadducees. He preached at the risk of his life so that one or two of them would attain enlightenment and succeed his divine mission.
His efforts bore fruit. We can perceive through the "Acts of the Apostles" that many of the Pharisees including Paul joined his church after he had been crucified.
The belief, that Jesus was crucified as the ram of God in order to compensate people's life of sin and raising from the dead, was given form by these Pharisees, especially reformists influenced by John the Baptist. As the genesis of this belief is that John predicted Jesus would be crucified as the Lamb of God to take away the sin of the world. It is not clear whether John actually named Jesus or just predicted the Messiah's arrival. However Jesus was sure that he was the Messiah and taught his disciples to follow him as Messiah or to have the same level of vocation as he had.(For example "the Sermon on the Mount")
The twelve Apostles, except Judas and John, oppose Jesus’ plan
Many people were involved with various persuasions or expectations in Jesus’ plan to be crucified as the Lamb of God to take away the sin of the world. However it seems that the twelve Apostles were less involved in this plan. Jesus revealed his plan openly to his disciples only at the Last Supper, except for Judas Iscariot who is said to betray him, and the youngest of the twelve, John, whom Jesus loved. These two seemed to be informed of the plan earlier. One of the twelve, likely John himself, was acquainted with Caiaphas the high priest. He crept into the high priest's courtyard with Simon Peter when Jesus was arrested according to The Gospel of John.
The high priest and some of the Pharisees support the plan
Caiaphas said "You know nothing at all! You do not realize that it is better for you that one man die for the people than that the whole nation perish," when the chief priests and the Pharisees called a meeting of the Sanhedrin and discussed how to deal with Jesus.(John 11:49-50) From this we can see that the head of the Jewish religion supported Jesuas's plan. Furthermore both Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus, who asked the Roman governor Pilate for the body of Jesus, were members of the Sanhedrin and the Pharisees too.
On the Thursday, two days before Passover feast, Jesus went to an olive grove outside of Jerusalem city with his disciples after the Last Supper. At once Temple guards guided by Judas came to the grove, and seized him. It seems that Jesus indicated Judas where he would be arrested. After this, Jesus was sent to the former high priest Annas first, then to the present high priest Caiaphas, the son-in-law of Annas, and finally to Pilate's palace and was crucified at about noon of the Friday.
Roman Governor Pilate supports too?
When Jesus gasped his life away, Joseph immediately asked Pilate for his body and Pilate allowed right away. Joseph and Nicodemus had to bury the body before sunset of the Friday before the Sabbath under the Jewish law. The soldiers broke the legs of the two criminals who had been crucified with Jesus, because they were still alive. However they did not do so for Jesus.
Taken up into the sky forty days after the crucifixion
Early on Sunday morning, Mary Magdalene came to the tomb and did not find the body of Jesus. However Jesus showed himself to his disciples later and stayed with them over a period of forty days before he was taken up into the sky again according to Acts of the Apostles. Then what John the Baptist prophesied was fulfilled: Jesus would be crucified as a sacrifice for Passover.
Strife and settlement between the group involved in Jesus' plan, and his personal pupils
However fierce strife arose, between the group of Pharisees who were involved in Jesus' plan to be crucified, and Jesus' personal pupils led by the twelve disciples. "Paul's conversion" can be explained as an episode symbolizing the reconciliation of the two parties. After the reconciliation, Paul not only led the unified religion to evangelize but also guided them to construct their creed. He transformed christianity from a religion to relieve Israel into the one to save the world.
He said in the chapter one of "Paul's Epistle to the Romans": "Through Christ, God has given us the authority as apostles to tell Gentiles everywhere what God has done for them, so that they will believe and obey him."(NLT Roma1:5)
Practice sect and atonement sect
However after the reconciliation, the two parties, the practice sect led by James, the brother of the Lord, and the atonement sect led by Paul, might have occasionally showed hostility to each other. Mark, the author of the Gospel of Mark, once went to evangelise with Paul. But he decided to choose a different way from Paul's, after conflicting each other. And the two were said not to associate any more in their missionary activities. In contrast, Paul's atonement and resurrection theory seems to have commonalities with the Gospel of John, which carries Jesus' baptism of the Holy Spirit as core creeds and differs from the other three Gospels - Matthew, Mark and Luke -..(Eko-an Hensho-koji：2008/12/23)
What is "Baptism with The Holy Spirit"?
According to the dialectic of the Gospel of John,
【thesis】 "A man can possess eternal life through accepting testimony of the Son of man and being baptized by him." (John 5:24)
【anti-thesis】 But "The one who comes from the earth cannot accept the testimony by one from heaven."(John 3:32)
How then can a man possess eternal life?
【synthesis】 "If you want to be baptized with the Holy Spirit, you can just go back to the word which was with God in the beginning (John 1:1) and certify that God is truthful. (John 3:33)"
When he said, "You are Huichao," Zen Master Fayan thrusted vivid Self in Huichao in front of his eyes. (The Origin of Christianity P.171)
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